Can adherence to a Mediterranean diet reduce phobia of COVID-19?

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Ezgi Toptaş Bıyıklı
Ali Emrah Bıyıklı
Ceren Şarahman Kahraman
Semra Alkan Türkuçar


Mediterranean Diet, MEDAS, COVID-19 Phobia


Objective: In this study, it was aimed to examine the relationship between COVID-19 phobia and adherence to the MD in university students. Materials and Method: This research in cross-sectional design was conducted with 351 students studying at Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University located in the Mediterrenan region of Türkiye between September 2021 - December 2021. The data was collected using Personal Information Form, Mediterranean Diet Adherence Scale (MEDAS) and COVID-19 Phobia Scale. Results: The study included a total of 351 students 254 females (72.4%) and 97 males (27.6%) with a mean age of 20.4 ± 2.1 years. When the relationship between the MEDAS score and various variables was examined, no significant relationship was found between gender, smoking, BMI and meal skipping (p˃0.05), while the MEDAS score of those with high income status was found to be significantly higher than those with low income status (p˂0.05). There was a strong negative correlation between the  MEDAS score and COVID-19 Fobia Scale and its subgrups. It was observed that  as the COVID-19 Fobia Scale scores increase, the  MEDAS scores decrease (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Especially during the pandemic period, both the awareness level of the society on healthy nutrition should be increased and its implementation as a lifestyle should be supported. This situation can reduce the fear and phobia in the society.


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