Evaluation of mindful eating, body image and anthropometric measurements of adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic

Main Article Content

Birsen YILMAZ
Makbule GEZMEN KARADAĞ

Keywords

adolescent, obesity, body image, body mass index, mindful eating

Abstract

Body dissatisfaction is an increasing problem in adolescents, and it is thought that mindful eating and body image are related. This current study was carried out to examine the relationship between adolescents' mindful eating, body image, and anthropometric measurements. A total of 200 adolescents (100 boys and 100 girls) aged 11-17 years, were involved in the study. The data were collected by the researcher using the face-to-face interview method through a questionnaire. The Mindful Eating Questionnaire was used to determine mindful eating. The Stunkard body image scale was employed to evaluate individuals' body image, and all anthropometric measurements were made by the researcher following the technique. The mean age of the individuals was 14.2±2.04 years, and more than half (52%) attended high school. 60.0% of obese boys and 38.0% of girls considered themselves obese. A statistically significant difference was found depending on gender in terms of body perception (p<0.05). No significant difference was found between the mindful eating scores of participants according to their body perception (p>0.05). A negative statistically significant correlation was determined between the total mindful eating score of those who described themselves as underweight, overweight, and obese, and BMI (kg/m2), waist circumference (cm), hip circumference (cm), and body fat (%) (p<0.05). It was also found there were negative significant relationships between mindful eating subscales, anthropometric measurements, and BMI (p<0.05). It was concluded that body image in adolescents was affected by gender and BMI, and anthropometric measurements were associated with mindful eating.

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