Investigation Of The Levels Of Feeding Feelings, Emotional Eating And Perfectionism Of University Students Who Do Sports And Do Not Do Sports

Main Article Content

Aygül ÇAĞLAYAN TUNÇ

Keywords

Sport, Emotional eating, Feeding feelings, Perfectionism

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study is to examine the emotional eating, nutritional feelings and perfectionism levels of university students who do sports and those who don't. Material and Method:  260 people selected by simple random sampling from university students participated in the study. The research is designed according to the relational screening model. In data collection; personal information form, Nutrition Emotions: Emotional Eating and (APS) Perfectionism Scale were used. The analysis of the data was made with the SPSS program and the normal distribution values for the test types to be used were analyzed. Skewness and Kurtosis values showed normal distribution. Independent sample t test was used for paired comparisons and Anova test was used for more than two comparisons. Pearson Correlation test was used for correlation analysis. The level of significance for all tests is α = 0.05. Results: In the findings obtained from the study, it is observed that the mean scores of the scale scores of the participants according to gender, nutritional feelings, emotional eating scale and perfectionism scale do not differ significantly according to gender (p <0.05). Those who do sports have higher perfectionism standards than those who do not. Negative perfectionism scores of those who do not do sports are higher than those who do sports (p <0.05). The mean scores of emotional eating and perfectionism did not differ significantly (p <0.05) according to where the participants spent most of their lives. When the relationship between feeding feelings, emotional eating and perfectionism mean scores were evaluated; It was observed that there was a statistically significant and low level relationship between the nutritional emotions, emotional eating scale and perfectionism scale, positive perfectionism, order and standards sub-dimensions. Conclusion: The more perfectionism, the more emotional eating increases. Exercising is a determining factor in emotional eating and perfectionism

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 48 | PDF Downloads 17

References

1. Çağlayan Tunç, A. (2019). Obezite ve Beslenmenin Psiko-Sosyal Boyutu. Güven Plus Grup A.Ş. Yayınları İstanbul, 21/ s.51-66.
2. Levitan, R.D., Davis, C. 2010, “Emotions and eating behavior: Implications for the current obesity epidemic” University of Toronto Quarterly. pp 783-799.
3. McKenna, P. Duygusal Yemeden Kurtulma, (Çev: S. S. Tezcan), İstanbul: Pegasus, 2017.
4. Frost, R. O., Marten, P., Lahart, C., ve Rosenblate, R. (1990). The dimensions of perfectionism. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14(5), 449-468.
5. Wang, H. and Li, J. 2017, "Positive perfectionism, negative perfectionism, and emotional eating: The mediating role of stress", Eating Behaviours, pp45-49
6. Genç, A., Çağlayan-Tunç, A. (2020). Obezite: Stres-Duygusal Yeme-Egzersiz Bağırsak Mikrobiyotası. Gazi Kitabevi. Ankara.
7. Bilgen, Ş.S., (2018). Türkçe Duygusal Yeme Ölçeğinin Geliştirilmesi, Geçerlilik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması. Üsküdar Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü. Yüksek Lisans Tezi. İstanbul.
8. Timmerman, G. M., and Acton, G. J. 2001, “The relationship between basic need satisfaction and emotional eating”Issues in Mental Health Nursing,pp 691–701.
9. Çağlayan Tunç, A. (2020). Egzersizin Depresyon Üzerine Etkileri. Akademisyen Yayınevi Ankara. S.1-17.
10. Karakaya, O. (2009). Türk Müziği Eğitimi Veren Devlet Konservatuvarlarında Koro Eğitimi ve Yönetimi. Doktora Tezi. Konya: Selçuk Üniversitesi. Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü
11. Mammen, G. & Faulkner, G. (2013) Physical activity and the prevention of depression: A systematic review of prospective studies. American Journal Of Preventive Medicine, 45(5), 649-657
12. Sivrikaya, K., (2019). The Effects of Recreative Activities on Adjustment Levels of Young People. Asian Journal of Education and Training, 5(1): 25-30. DOI: 10.20448/journal.522.2019.51.25.30
13. Burgaz, U. S., and Bozkuş, T. (2019). Eğitimde Oyunun Yeri. Uluslararası Güncel Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi (UGEAD), Aralık, 5(2): 123-131.
14. Ünlü, H. (2013). Do prospective physical education teachers really want to be physical education teachers? Croatian Journal of Education, 15: 211-230
15. Karaçam, A., & Pulur, A. (2019). Beden eğitimi öğretmenlerinin başarı algılarında yordayıcı olarak akademik iyimserlik, psikolojik iyi oluş ve fiziksel öz saygı. Kastamonu Education Journal, 27(1), 209-218. doi:10.24106/kefdergi.2474
16. Demi̇r, A, Sertbaş, K., Si̇vri̇kaya, K. (2020). Sporda İnovasyon Ölçeği’nin (SİÖ) Türkçeye Uyarlama Çalışması. Eurasian Research in Sport Science, 5 (1), 16-25. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/eriss/issue/55050/755635
17. Cengiz, A., Demirhan, B., (2013). Physiology of Wrestlers` Dehydration. Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise. Volume: 15 - Issue: 2 - Pages: 1-10
18. Karaçam, A., Adıgüzel, N.S., (2016). Beden Eğitimi Öğretmenlerinin Fiziksel Saygı Düzeylerinin İncelenmesi. Gaziantep Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi Cilt (1) Sayı (2). Sayfa (62-74).
19. Günay M., Tamer K., Cicioğlu İ., “Spor Fizyolojisi ve Performans Ölçümü”, Baran Ofset, s.47-55, Ankara, 2005
20. Cohen, L., Manion, L., Morrison, K. (2007). Research methods in education (6th Edition). New York: Routledge , 21-27.
21. Karasar, N. (2012). Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemleri. Ankara: Nobel Yayınları, 4-21.
22. Doğan, T., Göçet-Tekin, E., & Katrancıoğlu, A. (2011). Feeding your feelings: A self-report measure of emotional eating. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 2074–2077.
23. Slaney, R. B., Rice, G. K., Mobley, M., Trippi, J. & Ashby, J. (2001), The Revised Almost PerfectScale”. Measurement and Evaluation in Counselling and Development, 34, 130-144.
24. Sapmaz, F. (2006). Üniversite öğrencilerinin uyumlu ve uyumsuz mükemmeliyetçilik özelliklerinin psikolojik belirti düzeyleri açısından incelenmesi. Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Sakarya Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Sakarya.
25. Chan, S.-Y. Choo, W.-S. (2013). Food Chemistry 141; 3752–3758
26. Ünal, Ş.Ş. (1992) Türk Halk Oyunlarının Bireyler Üzerinde Fizyolojik ve Psikolojik Etkileri, Doktora Tezi, Marmara Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul
27. Kong, P. & Harris, L. M. (2015). The sporting body: Body image and eating disorder symptomatology among female athletes from leanness focused and nonleanness focused sports, The Journal of Psychology, 149(2), 141-160, DOI: 10.1080/00223980.2013.846291
28. Fortes, L, S., Kakeshita, I. S., Almeida, S. S., Gomes, A. R., & Ferreira, M. E. C. (2014). Eating behaviours in youths: A comparison between female and male athletes and non-athletes. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Scence in Sports, 24(1), e62–e68.
29. Andersen, A.E. and Di Domenico, L. 1992, "Diet vs. shape content of popular male and female magazines: A Dose-Response relationship to the incidence of eating disorders?" International Journal of Eating Disorders, pp 283-287
30. Bulik, C. M., Tozzi, F., anderson, C., Mazzeo, E., Aggen, Sullivan, P. F., & F. R. A. N. Z. C. P. (2003), “The Relation Between Eating Disorders and Components of Perfectionism”, The American Journal of Psychiatry, 160 (2), 366-368.
31. Halmi, K. A., Sunday, R., Strober, M., Kaplan, A., Woodside, D. B. Fichter, M., Treasure, J., Berrettini, W. H., Kaye, W. H. (2000), “Perfectionism In Anorexia Nervosa: Variation By Clinical Subtype, Obsessionality, and Pathological Eating Behavior”, The American Journal of Psychiatry, 157 (11), 1799-180.