Main Article Content
Obesity, weight loss, nutrition, anthropometry., synbiotic
Objective: This is a randomly controlled, synchronously done, single-blind study which aims to
in-vestigate the effects of synbiotic use on anthropometric measurements and energy intake. Materials and
Meth-ods: Sixty-one not compliant with diet and exercise recommendations, sedentary obese women (BMI:
30-39.9 kg/m2) who fulfilled inclusion criteria, aged between 18 and 48 randomly categorized
into synbiotic (n=30) or control (n=31) group. The synbiotic and control groups consumed 1
synbiotic capsule/day or 1 placebo capsule/day during 6 weeks, respectively, without
changing the ongoing diet. Anthropometric measurements (body weight, body mass index, waist
circumference, hip circumference, waist / hip ratio and body fat ratio) are done at the beginning, at
3th week and at 6th week. Also, 24 hours of their food consumption are recorded at the be-ginning of
the study and once a week during the study. Results: Repeated measurements of body weight,
body fat ratio, waist circumference, hip circumference, and the calculations of body mass index
and waist/hip ratio are analyzed with mixed effect linear model and therefore, the interaction
terms with group and time effects are not found significantly (p> 0.05). No difference
(increase or decrease) are observed in energy intake of participants in two groups at the
beginning and during the study (p> 0.05). Conclusion: Synbiotic supplement did not change
antropometric measures, body composition and daily energy intake in not compliant with diet and
exercise recommendations obese women. Further studies are needed to indicate the effects of synbiotic use
in obesity treatment.
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