Nutritional value of selected former food products for ruminant

Main Article Content

Hayrullah Bora Ünlü

Keywords

ruminant, former food products, nutrition composition, metabolizable energy, digestibility

Abstract

Atık ürünler olarak düşünülen eski gıda ürünleri (FFP'ler) aslında geviş getiren beslenmesinde değerli bir alternatif yem kaynağı olarak düşünülmelidir. Bu FFP'ler, ruminantlar tarafından yeni bir kaynak olarak ve sınırlı yem kaynaklarının kullanılabilirliğini artırmak için insan yararları için değerli ürünlere yeniden kullanılabilir ve dönüştürülebilir. Ancak, ruminantlar için besin değeri olan FFP'ler hakkında sınırlı bilgi ve araştırma vardır. Bu amaçla, deney spesifik olarak geviş getiren hayvanlara yönelik seçilen FFP'lerin beslenme potansiyelini değerlendirmek için yapılmıştır. Bisküvi, ekmek, kahvaltılık tahıllar, şekerler, çikolatalar, şekerleme ürünleri, makarna, puding, sekiz farklı FFP ve ayrıca kontrol pullanmış mısır besinsel bileşim için analiz edilmiş ve metabolize edilebilir enerji değerleri geviş getiren hayvanlar için ham besin maddeleri ile hesaplanmıştır. Ayrıca, FFP'lerin ve mısır malzemelerinin enerji, kuru madde sindirilebilirliği ve organik madde sindirilebilirliği, selüloz enzim yöntemi kullanılarak araştırılmıştır. Tüm numuneler makro mineraller (kalsiyum, fosfor, sodyum, potasyum ve magnezyum) ve mikro elementler (demir, bakır, manganez ve çinko) içeriği analiz edildi. Araştırmada, geviş getiren rasyonlarda genellikle ana enerji kaynağı olarak bir kontrol beslemesi için ısıl işlem görmüş pul mısır seçildi. Mısır, kuru madde, kül, organik madde, ham protein, eter özü, ham lif, azot içermeyen özüt, yapısal olmayan karbonhidrat, nötr deterjan lifi, asit deterjan lifi, nişasta, şeker, kalsiyum, fosfor, sodyum, potasyum, magnezyum, demir, bakır, manganez, çinko, kuru-organik madde sindirilebilirliği ve enerji farklıydı (P = 0.05). Araştırmada, mısırla karşılaştırıldığında seçilen FFP'ler genellikle yüksek bir besinsel bileşim (nişasta, şeker ve yağ içeriği), enerji vein vitro sindirilebilirlik ancak düşük mineral konsantrasyonu. Bu özellikler onları sadece monogastrik hayvanlar için değil, aynı zamanda geviş getiren hayvanlarda da mısır ve diğer tahıllara değerli bir enerji kaynağı alternatif yem bileşeni yapar.

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