Diagnostic and interventional radiology fundamentals of synovial pathology

Diagnostic and interventional radiology fundamentals of synovial pathology


  • Chiara Acanfora Department of Biotechnology and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
  • Federico Bruno Department of Biotechnology and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
  • Pierpaolo Palumbo Department of Biotechnology and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
  • Francesco Arrigoni Department of Biotechnology and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
  • Raffaele Natella Department of Precision Medicine, University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy
  • Maria Antonietta Mazzei Unit of Diagnostic Imaging, Department of Radiological Sciences, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Senese, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neuroscience, University of Siena, Siena, Italy
  • Marina Carotti Department of Radiology - Division of Special and Pediatric Radiology, University Hospital "Umberto I - Lancisi - Salesi", Ancona, Italy
  • Piero Ruscitti Department of Biotechnology and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
  • Ernesto Di Cesare Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy
  • Alessandra Splendiani Department of Biotechnology and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
  • Roberto Giacomelli Department of Biotechnology and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
  • Carlo Masciocchi Department of Biotechnology and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
  • Antonio Barile Department of Applied Clinical Science and Biotechnology, University of L'Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0253-3583


synovia, knee, MRI, ultrasound, CEUS, joint injection


The synovial membrane is a specialized mesenchymal tissue that lines the diarthrodial joints surfaces, bursae, and tendon sheaths of the body. This article aims to provide an overview of the fundamentals of synovial tissue, with particular regard to the imaging findings of the main pathologic processes that can affect the synovia and the role of image-guided interventions.


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How to Cite

Acanfora C, Bruno F, Palumbo P, Arrigoni F, Natella R, Mazzei MA, et al. Diagnostic and interventional radiology fundamentals of synovial pathology. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2020 Jul. 13 [cited 2024 Jul. 18];91(8-S):107-15. Available from: https://mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/9993