Basic embolization techniques: tips and tricks

Basic embolization techniques: tips and tricks


  • Anna Maria Ierardi Radiology Department, Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy
  • Filippo Piacentino Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Insubria, Ospedale di Circolo e Fondazione Macchi, Varese, Italy
  • Filippo Pesapane Breast Imaging Unit, IEO European Institute of Oncology IRCCS, Milan, Italy
  • Aldo Carnevale University Radiology Unit, Radiology Department, Arcispedale Sant'Anna, Via A. Moro 8, Ferrara, 44123, Italy
  • Marco Curti Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Insubria, Ospedale di Circolo e Fondazione Macchi, Varese, Italy
  • Federico Fontana Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Insubria, Ospedale di Circolo e Fondazione Macchi, Varese, Italy
  • Massimo Venturini Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Insubria, Ospedale di Circolo e Fondazione Macchi, Varese, Italy
  • Antonio Pinto Department of Radiology, CTO Hospital, Azienda dei Colli, Naples, Italy
  • Francesco Gentili Section of Radiology, Unit of Surgical Sciences, Department of Medicine and Surgery, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
  • Susanna Guerrini Department of Radiological Sciences, Diagnostic Imaging Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Senese, Siena, Italy
  • Massimo De Filippo Section of Radiology, Unit of Surgical Sciences, Department of Medicine and Surgery, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
  • Melchiore Giganti Department of Morphology, Surgery and Experimental Medicine, Radiology Section, University of Ferrara, Via L. Ariosto 35, Ferrara, 44121, Italy
  • Gianpaolo Carrafiello Radiology Department, Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan and Department of Health Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy


embolization, interventional radiology, sac packing, sandwich technique


Good knowledge of the various approaches of embolization of peripheral bleedings and different embolic materials available is of paramount importance for successful and safe embolization. We review and illustrate the main endovascular and percutaneous techniques used for embolization, along with the characteristics of the different embolic materials, and the potential complications.


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How to Cite

Ierardi AM, Piacentino F, Pesapane F, Carnevale A, Curti M, Fontana F, et al. Basic embolization techniques: tips and tricks. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2020 Jul. 13 [cited 2024 Jul. 14];91(8-S):71-80. Available from: