Main Article Content
Disabled people; Morocco; Module; Disability
Objective: Assessing the attitude of medical students towards people with disabilities after teaching them a disability module.
Methods: Several themes were taught. To assess the attitude of disability before and after the course, we used the ATDP (Attitude towards disabled persons) scale after translating it from English into Classical Arabic using the translation-back translation method.
Results: 250 students benefited from this course. 78 of them were subjected to evaluation, including 20 male students (25.64%) and 58 female students (74.35%). There was no significant difference in the ATDP score between before and after among boys (before 72 (66.75-81.5) vs 72 (66, 81.5) after, p: 0.32). Among girls, there was a decrease in the ATDP score (74 (67.5-83.25) vs 70 (65-80.25), p: 0.03). No significant difference was found according to gender before and after. The ATDP construct validation in classical Arabic had a Cronbach's alpha of 0.60. The test-retest (ICC) 0.825.
Conclusion: Although the perception towards disabled people has negatively changed among girls and while unchangeable within boys, this disability module in our faculty was a first experience in Morocco. It would be desirable to develop other educational methods in this subject matter.
2. Yuker, Harold E., J. R. Block, and William J. Campbell. A scale to measure attitudes toward disabled persons. Human Resources Foundation, Division of Abilities, 1960.
3. Amarenco G, Bayle B, Lagauche D, Lapeyre E, Sheikh Ismael S. Construction et validation des échelles de qualité de vie. Ann Readaptation Med Phys 2000;43:263-9.
4. Symonds TL, Burton AK, Tillotson KM, et al. Absence resulting from low back trouble can be reduced by psychosocial intervention at the workplace. Spine 1995; 20:2738–45
5. Matziou V, Galanis P, Tsoumakas C, et al: Attitudes of nurse professionals and nursing students towards children with disabilities. Do nurses really overcome childrens physical and mental handicap? Int Nurse Rev 2009; 456-460.
6. Tervo RC, Azuma S, Palmer G, Redinius P. Medical students attitudes toward persons with disability. A comparative study. Arch phys med rehab 2002; 83:1537–42.
7. Paris MJ. Attitudes of medical students and health care professionals toward people with disabilities. Arch phys med rehab 1993; 74:818– 24
8. Duckworth S. The effect of medical education on the attitudes of medical students towards disabled people. Med educ 1988; 22:501–5
9. Haimami R. attitudes des prestataires de soins envers les personnes en situation de handicap dans la ville d’Oujda. Thèse N° 027/15. Université Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie Fès Maroc 2015
10. Richard I et Al. Évaluation de l’attitude vis-à-vis des personnes handicapées des étudiants en médecine de 3e et 4e année par le questionnaire « Attitude towards disabled persons ». Effets de l’enseignement théorique et de stages dans les services de médecine physique et réadaptation. Annales de réadaptation et de médecine physique 2005 ; 48 : 662-667
11. Bohlander DS: Attitude toward disabled persons: a comparison of school teachers and physical therapists. Phys Occup Ther Pediatr 1985; 5:43-50
12. Gething L: Attitudes toward people with disabilities of physiotherapists and members of the general population Aust Physiother 1993; 39:291-6.
13. Cooper AE, Roose J, Mason O. Mental Health professionals attitudes toward people who are deaf community Appl Soc psycho 2003, 13:314-9.
14. Brown T, Mu K, Peyton CG, et al:occupational therapy students attitudes toward individuals with disabilities: a comparison between Australia, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Res Dev Disabil 2009; 30:1541-55
15. Messmer PR. Nursing student’s attitudes toward physically disabled college students, in Waltz CF, Strickland OL (eds): Measurement of Nursing Outcomes.New York, Springer, 1990.
16. Eberhardt K, Mayberry W. Factor’s influencing entry-level occupational therapist attitudes toward persons with disabilities. Am J Occup Ther 1995, 49:629-36
17. Chadd EH, Pangilinan PH: Disability attitudes in healthcare: a new scale instrument. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2011, 90:47-54
18. Sheehan P, Boisvert J, Pépin M, Fougeyrollas P. Les attitudes envers l-s personnes ayant une incapacité physique. Rev int psychol soc 1995; 2:23–38
19. Lindgren C. Effect of an educational intervention on student’s attitudes towards the disabled. Nurse Educ 1993; 32:121-6
20. Mitchell KR, Hayes M, Gordon J, Wallis B. An investigation of the attitudes of medical students to physically disabled people. Med Educ 1984; 18:21-3.
21. Potts M, Kattz B, Brandt K. Sex differences in medical student and house staff attitudes towards the handicapped. Rehabil counselling bull 1986; 41:156–9.