Evaluating Pharmacist’s Patient Care Process in Shiraz, using a newly-validated questionnaire: The First Report from Iran Pharmacist’s Patient Care Process Indicators

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Marziyeh Zare
Leila Zarei
Saba Afifi
Iman Karimzadeh
Mustafa Ghaeminia
Farzad Peiravian
Mohammad Salehi-Marzijarani
Kamran B Lankarani
Payam Peymani


Pharmacist’s Patient Care Process, Shiraz, Community Pharmacy, Iran, Pharmacoepidemiology


Background: The Pharmacists’ Patient Care Process (PPCP) as one of many inter-related foundations for the delivery of evidence-based and outcomes-focused patient care has a positive trend in academic literatures in the world. Unfortunately, PPCP has not been establish well in community pharmacies in Iran, yet. This study was performed to explore the current status of the provision and perception toward patient care services and finally evaluate professional competency of pharmacists about PPCP implementation, in both patients and pharmacist’s perspectives. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using two self-administrated Likert-based questionnaires_ one for pharmacists and another one for patients. In total, 121 pharmacists and 479 patients participated to the study. Questionnaires were distributed and collected in the Shiraz during the Oct 2017 till Jun 2018. Obtained data were analyzed through the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 25. In addition, the competency to PPCP implementation was classified to three groups _good, moderate, and weak _ based on achieving ≥75%, 50%-75%, and <50% of the dimensions’ total score, respectively. Results: The pharmacist’s age range was 23-76 years (mean age: 40.61±12.85 years). Their Competency to PPCP implementation was good (43.8%), moderate (52%), and just 4% weak. Patient’s response to PPCP was 11.2% good, 50.7% moderate and 35.6% weak. Conclusion: Besides promotion of public awareness about PPCP, improvement of pharmacists’ motivation toward these services seems necessary. In addition, the introduced instrument may be useful for practice of pharmacists, but it should be used cautiously until it is tested among clients of pharmacies known to provide all levels of pharmacy care within pharmacy stores.


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