Efficacy of the Buzzy System for pain relief during venipuncture in children: a randomized controlled trial.

Efficacy of the Buzzy System for pain relief during venipuncture in children: a randomized controlled trial.

Authors

  • Volkan Susam General Medical Ward, ASST Monza-San Gerardo, San Gerardo Hospital, Italy.
  • Marie Friedel Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium and Lecturer at Parnasse-Isei, Haute Ecole Léonard de Vinci, Brussels, Belgium.
  • Patrizia Basile Department of nursing, Degree Course in Nursing, University of Milan, ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, Luigi Sacco Teaching Hospital, Milan, Italy.
  • Paola Ferri Degree Course in Nursing, Department of Diagnostic, Clinical and Public Health Medicine, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy
  • Loris Bonetti Nursing development and research unit, Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland, Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale, Canton Ticino, Bellinzona, Switzerland. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0694-0880

Keywords:

venipuncture, children, procedural pain, Buzzy System, pain relief

Abstract

Background and aim of the work: procedural pain is a significant issue for paediatric patients. In particular, needle pain is amongst the most stressful for children. Studies revealed that a large number of children do not receive adequate pain prevention during the procedures. Neglecting the prevention of needle pain can cause several psychological effects such as anxiety and phobias, and increase perceptions of pain in the future. We aimed to verify the efficacy of Buzzy System in reducing pain during venipuncture. Methods: A randomized control trial was conducted among 72 children aged 3 to 10 years undergoing venipuncture. Children were randomly assigned to The Buzzy with distraction cards group (experimental group) or to “magic gloves” group (control group). Perception of pain was measured through the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), the Wong-Baker Scale (WBS) and the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS). Results: Sixty-four children participated in the study, 34 in the experimental group and 30 in the control group. The experimental group showed significantly lower levels of pain (p=.039; 95% CI: -2,11; -0,06) in terms of the mean=3.65±2.011; median=3, compared to the control group (mean: 4.67±2.14, median=4). Caregivers were satisfied with the Buzzy System. Conclusion: The Buzzy System combined to distraction cards showed a greater reduction of perceived pain than “magic glove” technique. This study underlines the importance of active involvement of caregivers during procedural pain in children. Pediatric nurses have an important role in empowering children and caregivers to be interactive during venipunctures.

Author Biography

Loris Bonetti, Nursing development and research unit, Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland, Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale, Canton Ticino, Bellinzona, Switzerland.

PhD, Tutor Corso di Laurea in Infermieristica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Sezione Ospedale Sacco, Milano

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Published

18-07-2018

How to Cite

1.
Efficacy of the Buzzy System for pain relief during venipuncture in children: a randomized controlled trial. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2018 Jul. 18 [cited 2024 May 25];89(6-S):6-16. Available from: https://mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/7378

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