Green space in hospital built environment. A literature review about therapeutic gardens in acute care healthcare settings before Covid-19.

Main Article Content

Andrea Brambilla
Matilde Del Pio
Roberto Ravegnani Morosini
Stefano Capolongo

Keywords

healing garden, hospital building, therapeutic green space, evidence based design, literature review

Abstract

 


Background and aim


Hospital facilities are one of the most stressful environments and there is evidence that during Covid-19 having outdoor and green spaces helped medical staff and nurses to decrease the stress and anxiety level. Nevertheless, knowledge about the type of green space is limited. The aim of the study is to systematize the existing scientific literature on the topic in a specific time period.


 


 


Methods


Scopus, Pubmed, and Cochrane library databases have been explored in a systematic way. Following the Prysma diagram 25 studies have been included. Descriptive statistics and content analysis have been performed to highlight green typologies, users and functional area involved, spatial focus, relationship between users and space and vegetation typology. The different topics have been clustered according to Kellert’s biophilic framework.


 


 


Results


Articles reviewed included studies from the 2000 to 2020. The selection led to the analysis of 25 documents; it was significant to understand the major areas of application (pediatrics, ma-ternity, oncology, hospitalization, etc) and forms of green (images, furniture, healing gardens, vegetable gardens, etc).


 


Conclusions


The present review highlight the main characteristics of green space in hospital built environment with specific focus on pre-pandemic situation.


 


 

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