Endobronchial ultrasound: a pictorial essay

Endobronchial ultrasound: a pictorial essay


  • Alberto Fantin Department of Pulmonology, Azienda Sanitaria Universitaria Integrata di Udine, Udine, Italy https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7206-9117
  • Nadia Castaldo Department of Pulmonology, S. Maria della Misericordia University Hospital, Udine, Italy
  • Chiara Tirone Department of Medicine, Respiratory Medicine Unit, University of Verona and Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata of Verona, Verona, Italy
  • Giulia Sartori Department of Medicine, Respiratory Medicine Unit, University of Verona and Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata of Verona, Verona, Italy
  • Ernesto Crisafulli Department of Medicine, Respiratory Medicine Unit, University of Verona and Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata of Verona, Verona, Italy
  • Filippo Patrucco Division of Respiratory Diseases, Department of Medicine, Maggiore della Carità University Hospital, Novara, Italy
  • Luigi Vetrugno Department of Medical, Oral and Biotechnological Sciences, University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy
  • Vincenzo Patruno Department of Pulmonology, S. Maria della Misericordia University Hospital, Udine, Italy


EBUS, CP-EBUS, RP-EBUS, lung nodule, ultrasound, TBNA, TBB


Background and aim: endobronchial ultrasound has gained widespread popularity in the last decade, becoming the primary technique for minimally invasive evaluation of the mediastinum and staging of lung cancer. Several tertiary and quaternary care institutes use this method, performed by trained and accredited specialists. Its main indications are (I) diagnosis and staging of lung cancer, (II) mediastinal lymphadenopathy diagnosis (III) sampling peripheral pulmonary lesions.

Conclusions: this manuscript aims to describe the operational potential of both convex endobronchial ultrasound probe and radial endobronchial ultrasound probe technology, focusing on lung cancer. This narrative review is complemented with by the description of peculiar clinical cases in which endobronchial ultrasound played a pivotal role in reaching the diagnosis.


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How to Cite

Endobronchial ultrasound: a pictorial essay. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2023 Aug. 3 [cited 2024 Jun. 13];94(4):e2023113. Available from: https://mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/14090

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