COVID-19 serological evaluation in a cohort of Vaccinated and Seropositive healthcare workers

Main Article Content

Smeralda D'Amato
Raffaele Squeri
Vincenza La Fauci
Giuseppe Pantò
Ennrica Maria Esposito
Federica Denaro
Giovanna Visalli
Ioselita Giunta
Roberto Venuto
Antonino Privitera
Lorenzo D'Urso
Rosaria Cortese
Francesco Mazzitelli
Concetta Ceccio
Franco Fedele
Daniele Maisano
Giuseppe Trimarchi
Cristina Genovese

Keywords

COVID-19; serological evaluation; healthcare workers

Abstract

Introduction: Severe Acquired Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection represents an unprecedented public health problem and, at present, vaccination is the only weapon available to combat the infection. The simplest and most immediate method to quantify the response of the subject's immune system to vaccination and / or infection is the serological assessment of the antibody titer. The objective of our study was 1) to evaluate the presence of antibody responses in a sample of healthcare workers subjected to a complete vaccination course as per ministerial provisions (double dose for negatives and single dose for ex-SARS-CoV subjects -2 positive) with Comirnaty vaccine (Pfizer / BioNTech) 2) evaluate the presence of statistically significant associations for sex, age and previous positive swab. Materials and methods: the antibody levels of both nucleocapsid antibodies and anti-Sars-CoV2 Spike antibodies of the study subjects were examined with the electrochemiluminescent immunoassay (ECLIA) method developed by Roche®. The cut-off value, as suggested by the manufacturer, for anti-nucleocapsid antibodies was 1 COI, while the Ig Spike value was 0.8 I / mL. The study sample was stratified by age (≤45 years, 46-55, ≥56 years old), previous positive molecular swab, gender and IgG S1 / S2 values ​​at the completed vaccination course (≤200, ≥200 AU / mL ). Statistical analyzes were carried out with the R software. Results: almost all of the sample (89.45%) showed IgG Spike values> 200 AU / mL with statistically significant associations in relation to sex (greater in females, p≤0.05), to previous swab positivity in the presence of a vaccine dose (n = 44; p <0.001) and at age (with greater antibody response in subjects under 45; p <0.001). Discussion and conclusions: The current study confirms what is reported in the literature. In the light of the results obtained, it could be interesting to promote studies that evaluate the antibody titers trend over time a) in women of childbearing age and postmenopausal age b) in particular categories of subjects with chronic degenerative diseases to assess the actual need for doses booster, it being understood that the immune system response is guaranteed by both cellular and humoral immunity and that the antibody titer does not faithfully reflect the protection obtained.

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