RESEARCH OF THE ACTIVITY OF LOCAL ANESTHETICS AND ANTISEPTICS REGARDING CLINICAL ISOLATES OF ACINETOBACTER BAUMANNII AS PATHOGENS OF POSTOPERATIVE INFECTIOUS COMPLICATIONS

Main Article Content

Oleksandr Nazarchuk https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7581-0938
Dmytro Dmyrtriiev https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6067-681X
Yuliana Babina
Mariia Faustova
Vita Burkot https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3947-1558

Keywords

Acinetobacter baumannii, local anesthetics, antiseptics, biofilms.

Abstract

Background. About 60% of all nosocomial infections are caused by microorganisms found in biofilms. Acinetobacter baumannii, as a pathogen of nosocomial infections, occur more frequently in surgical hospitals.
The aim of the study was to study the in vitro formation of A. baumannii monotype biofilms under the influence of local anesthetics and antiseptics
Materials and methods. The antimicrobial activity of local anesthetics (0.25-0.5%, bupivacaine, 2.0% lidocaine, 0.75% ropivacaine) and antiseptics (decamethoxine 0.1%, octenidine 0.1%, chlorhexidine 0.05%) ) against clinical strains of A. baumannii and studied their ability to produce biofilms.
Results. The bacteriostatic effect of local anesthetics on A. baumannii within the current concentrations of these drugs, which provide analgesic effect, has been proven. The given results indicate that A.baumanni cultures have a pronounced ability to form biofilms. Clinical strains of opportunistic microorganisms A. baumannii circulating in the hospital environment are highly sensitive to antiseptics decamethoxine and octenidine, chlorhexidine has a weak bactericidal effect against acinetobacteria. The results of studying the effect of local anesthetics on the process of formation of the strain "young" biofilms showed the presence of a dose-dependent effect. The greatest inhibitory activity against "young" biofilms was detected under the combined action of the antiseptic decamethoxine (in concentrations, not exceeding 3.9 μg / ml) and anesthetics (OD-0,199-0,223) (p <0,05).
Conclusions. Scientific research on various aspects of the formation (or destruction) of bacterial biofilms is a relevant and promising area that will change approaches to the prophylaxis and treatment of a number of infections, including postoperative infectious complications.

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