Is 2020 the golden year of Otolaryngology research? The impact of COVID-19 on the Italian academic production

Main Article Content

Eleonora Trecca
Pier Gerardo Marano
Matteo Gelardi
Lazzaro Cassano
Giannandrea Francesco Verzicco
Aurelio D'Ecclesia
Michele Cassano
Francesco Longo

Keywords

Coronavirus disease, 2019 Novel Coronavirus Disease, otolaryngology, research.

Abstract

Background and aim: The aim of this research was to review the articles published by the Otolaryngology (ORL) departments of the Italian University Hospitals in 2019 and in 2020 in order to analyze the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the academic production.


Methods: PubMed and Scopus were searched for the articles published by the ORL departments of the Italian Universities in 2019 and in 2020. The main eligibility criteria were English-language articles, while there were no exclusion criteria related to topic. The articles were classified into seven domains corresponding to the main ORL subspecialties.


Results: There was an overall increase in the number of articles by the 42.2% in 2020. Publications pertaining Rhinology and Laryngology increased more significantly in 2020, respectively by the 50.5% and 72.2%. Additionally, there was an increase in the number of articles concerning topics of general interest, by the 95.2% in 2020. Also, the citation trends of the articles published by the Italian University Hospitals increased remarkably in 2020.


Conclusions: These results evidenced an overall increase in the number of ORL articles. Although 2020 is going to be remembered as a year to forget, it should be acknowledged for being the “golden year of research”.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 160 | PDF Downloads 67

References

Remuzzi A, Remuzzi G. COVID-19 and Italy: what next? Lancet. 2020;395(10231):1225-1228. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30627-9
2. Vukkadala N, Qian ZJ, Holsinger FC, Patel ZM, Rosenthal E. COVID-19 and the otolaryngologist - preliminary evidence-based review. Laryngoscope. Published online 2020. doi:10.1002/lary.28672
3. Huart C, Philpott C, Konstantinidis I, et al. Comparison of COVID-19 and common cold chemosensory dysfunction. Rhinology. Published online 2020. doi:10.4193/Rhin20.251
4. Niklassen AS, Draf J, Huart C, et al. COVID‐19: Recovery from Chemosensory Dysfunction. A Multicentre study on Smell and Taste. Laryngoscope. Published online January 15, 2021:lary.29383. doi:10.1002/lary.29383
5. Volo T, Stritoni P, Battel I, et al. Elective tracheostomy during COVID-19 outbreak: to whom, when, how? Early experience from Venice, Italy. Eur Arch Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. Published online July 12, 2020. doi:10.1007/s00405-020-06190-6
6. Magaldi L, Salzo AE, Trecca EMC, Iannuzzi L, Fortunato F, Cassano M. The importance of head and neck counselling in the COVID-19 era. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. Published online December 2020:1-3. doi:10.14639/0392-100X-N0941
7. Longo F, Trecca EMC, D’Ecclesia A, et al. Managing head and neck cancer patients during the COVID-19 pandemic: the experience of a tertiary referral center in southern Italy. Infect Agent Cancer. 2021;16(1):9. doi:10.1186/s13027-021-00352-9
8. Gelardi M, Iannuzzi L, Trecca EMC, Kim B, Quaranta NAA, Cassano M. COVID-19: what happened to all of the otolaryngology emergencies? Eur Arch Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. Published online May 18, 2020. doi:10.1007/s00405-020-06046-z
9. De Virgilio A, Pellini R, Mercante G, Ferreli F, Petruzzi G, Spriano G. Who should perform the rhinopharyngeal swab in COVID-19 positive patients? Head Neck. 2020;42(6):1250-1251. doi:10.1002/hed.26194
10. Bandi F, Karligkiotis A, Mellia J, et al. Strategies to overcome limitations in Otolaryngology residency training during the COVID-19 pandemic. Eur Arch Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. 2020;277(12):3503-3506. doi:10.1007/s00405-020-06228-9
11. Zocchi J, Pietrobon G, Moretto S, et al. Literature in the time of COVID-19: The “phase two.” Oral Oncol. 2020;109:104837. doi:10.1016/j.oraloncology.2020.104837
12. Polack FP, Thomas SJ, Kitchin N, et al. Safety and Efficacy of the BNT162b2 mRNA Covid-19 Vaccine. N Engl J Med. Published online December 10, 2020:NEJMoa2034577. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2034577
13. Lovato A, de Filippis C, Marioni G. Upper airway symptoms in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Am J Otolaryngol. 2020;41(3):102474. doi:10.1016/j.amjoto.2020.102474
14. Mattioli F, Fermi M, Ghirelli M, et al. Tracheostomy in the COVID-19 pandemic. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2020;277(7):2133-2135. doi:10.1007/s00405-020-05982-0
15. Allevi F, Dionisio A, Baciliero U, et al. Impact of COVID-19 epidemic on maxillofacial surgery in Italy. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2020;58(6):692-697. doi:10.1016/j.bjoms.2020.04.035
16. Pontillo V, Iannuzzi L, Petrone P, et al. ENT surgical emergencies during the COVID-19 outbreak. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2020;40(6):399-404. doi:10.14639/0392-100X-N1036
17. Gallo O, Locatello LG, Orlando P, et al. The clinical consequences of the COVID ‐19 lockdown: A report from an Italian referral ENT department. Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol. 2020;5(5):824-831. doi:10.1002/lio2.446
18. Lechien JR, Chiesa-Estomba CM, De Siati DR, et al. Olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions as a clinical presentation of mild-to-moderate forms of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19): a multicenter European study. Eur Arch Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. 2020;277(8):2251-2261. doi:10.1007/s00405-020-05965-1
19. Lechien JR, Chiesa-Estomba CM, Cabaraux P, et al. Features of Mild-to-Moderate COVID-19 Patients with Dysphonia. J Voice. Published online June 2020. doi:10.1016/j.jvoice.2020.05.012
20. Barillari MR, Bastiani L, Lechien JR, et al. A Structural Equation Model to Examine the Clinical Features of Mild‐to‐Moderate Covid‐19: A Multicenter Italian Study. J Med Virol. Published online July 25, 2020:jmv.26354. doi:10.1002/jmv.26354
21. Mannelli G, Ralli M, Bonali M, et al. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on Italian Otolaryngology Units: a nationwide study. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2020;40(5):325-331. doi:10.14639/0392-100X-N0832
22. Ralli M, Mannelli G, Bonali M, et al. Impact of COVID-19 on otolaryngology in Italy: a commentary from the COVID-19 task force of the Young Otolaryngologists of the Italian Society of Otolaryngology. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2020;24(13):7516-7518. doi:10.26355/eurrev_202007_21925
23. Trecca EMC, Lonigro A, Gelardi M, Kim B, Cassano M. Mobile Applications in Otolaryngology: A Systematic Review of the Literature, Apple App Store and the Google Play Store. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. Published online July 13, 2020:000348942094035. doi:10.1177/0003489420940350
24. Maniaci A, Iannella G, Vicini C, et al. A Case of COVID-19 with Late-Onset Rash and Transient Loss of Taste and Smell in a 15-Year-Old Boy. Am J Case Rep. 2020;21. doi:10.12659/AJCR.925813
25. Gelardi M, Trecca E, Cassano M, Ciprandi G. Smell and taste dysfunction during the COVID-19 outbreak: a preliminary report. Published online 1885. doi:10.23750/abm.v91i2.9524
26. McNeill E, Ramakrishnan Y, Carrie S. Diagnosis and management of olfactory disorders: survey of UK-based consultants and literature review. J Laryngol Otol. 2007;121(8):713-720. doi:10.1017/S0022215107006615
27. Pichi B, Mazzola F, Bonsembiante A, et al. CORONA-steps for tracheotomy in COVID-19 patients: A staff-safe method for airway management. Oral Oncol. 2020;105:104682. doi:10.1016/j.oraloncology.2020.104682
28. Piazza C, Filauro M, Dikkers FG, et al. Long-term intubation and high rate of tracheostomy in COVID-19 patients might determine an unprecedented increase of airway stenoses: a call to action from the European Laryngological Society. Eur Arch Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. Published online June 6, 2020. doi:10.1007/s00405-020-06112-6
29. Torretta S, Gaini LM, Gaffuri M, Pignataro L, Accorona R, Capaccio P. Looking at the day after COVID-19… what laryngeal sequelae should we expect? Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2020;40(6):466-468. doi:10.14639/0392-100X-N0884
30. Mattioli F, Marchioni A, Andreani A, Cappiello G, Fermi M, Presutti L. Post-intubation tracheal stenosis in COVID-19 patients. Eur Arch Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. Published online October 3, 2020. doi:10.1007/s00405-020-06394-w
31. Lambertoni A, Gravante G, Battaglia P, Turri-Zanoni M, Castelnuovo P, Karligkiotis A. A “Forward Triage” Model in Telemedicine for Head and Neck Oncological Patients During the COVID-19 Era. Ear, Nose Throat J. Published online August 26, 2020:014556132094899. doi:10.1177/0145561320948995
32. Elli F, Turri-Zanoni M, Arosio AD, Karligkiotis A, Battaglia P, Castelnuovo P. Changes in the use of Otorhinolaryngology Emergency Department during the COVID-19 pandemic: report from Lombardy, Italy. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2020;277(12):3525-3528. doi:10.1007/s00405-020-06119-z
33. De Bernardi F, Turri‐Zanoni M, Battaglia P, Castelnuovo P. How to Reorganize an Ear, Nose, and Throat Outpatient Service During the COVID ‐19 Outbreak: Report From Northern Italy. Laryngoscope. Published online May 6, 2020:lary.28716. doi:10.1002/lary.28716
34. Spinato G, Gaudioso P, Rizzo PB, et al. Risk management during COVID-19 : safety procedures for otolaryngologists. 2021;92:1-8. doi:10.23750/abm.v92i1.11281
35. Gallo O, Locatello LG, Orlando P, et al. A New Solution for Routine Endoscopic Aerosol-Generating Procedures (AGPs) in the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Craniofac Surg. 2020;Publish Ah. doi:10.1097/SCS.0000000000007117
36. Kozin ED, Remenschneider AK, Blevins NH, et al. American Neurotology Society, American Otological Society, and American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Foundation Guide to Enhance Otologic and Neurotologic Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Otol Neurotol. 2020;41(9):1163-1174. doi:10.1097/MAO.0000000000002868
37. Trecca EMC, Gelardi M, Cassano M. COVID-19 and hearing difficulties. Am J Otolaryngol. Published online 2020. doi:10.1016/j.amjoto.2020.102496
38. Naylor G, Burke LA, Holman JA. Covid-19 Lockdown Affects Hearing Disability and Handicap in Diverse Ways: A Rapid Online Survey Study. Ear Hear. 2020;41(6):1442-1449. doi:10.1097/AUD.0000000000000948
39. Harenberg J, Jonas JB, Trecca EMC. A Liaison between Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss and SARS-CoV-2 Infection. Thromb Haemost. Published online July 28, 2020. doi:10.1055/s-0040-1714370

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>