Before, during and after the COVID-19 pandemic

Before, during and after the COVID-19 pandemic


  • Leopoldo Sarli Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Italy
  • Giovanna Artioli Azienda USL-IRCCS di Reggio Emilia, Italy


COVID-19, pandemic


The social disruption that had characterized the rapid progression of CoVid-19 infection in Italy in the first months of 2020 appeared again in the days in which this journal issue is being published. Due to what is defined as the second wave of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, measures to contain the contagion were still necessary, such as social distancing, isolation, the suspension of some production activities, closure of the majority of educational activities in presence in schools and universities. [...]


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How to Cite

Before, during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2020 Nov. 30 [cited 2024 Jun. 16];91(12-S):e2020017. Available from:

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