Infective endocarditis and COVID -19 coinfection: An updated review

Main Article Content

Anu George
Sai Vikram Alampoondi Venkataramanan
Kevin John John
Ajay Kumar Mishra

Keywords

Infective endocarditis, COVID 19, Outcome

Abstract

With the rising number of COVID-19 patients, there have been reports of patients presenting with concomitant infective endocarditis.  In this retrospective review, we included all articles from Medline with COVID-19 and infective endocarditis coinfection.  Ten articles were identified from eight different countries over the world over the past 11 months.  All patients reported with the above coinfections were male with a mean age of 53 years.  Clinical features of COVID-19 and the presence of ground-glass opacity in CT thorax were predominant among patients with positive RT-PCR for COVID-19.  New-onset embolic infarct, pulmonary edema was a contributor to the diagnosis of endocarditis in most patients.  Involvement of the aortic valve was most common.  Delayed diagnosis and cardiac surgery were contributors to increased morbidity. 

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