Nias Island: looking at the life and health of the Ono Niha in the 19th Century Looking at the Life and Health of the Ono Niha in 19th Century

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Budi Agustono
Heristina Dewi
Mhd. Pujiono
Kiki Maulana Affandi


disease, health, living environment, mortality, Nias Island, Ono Niha


This article aims to describe the geographical, demographic, and historical background of Nias Island. The geographical conditions of Nias Island, which are swampy on the coast and hilly in the interior, as well as its climate, which can affect differences in temperature, humidity, and rainfall, could affect the health of its residents. Apart from that, the habits of Nias residents in choosing food and the environment in which they live have determined health conditions and the spread of disease on this island. In various reports of Europeans who integrated with the population of Nias Island through trade relations, it was stated that many residents of Nias Island suffered from skin diseases and there were several endemic diseases, such as smallpox, cholera, and dysentery. These conditions have caused population mortality to increase in Nias Island during the 19th century.

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