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Epicardial adipose tissue, Duke treadmill score, diabetes mellitus, smoking
Duke treadmill score (DTS) is a well-known prognostic tool in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). DTS is a stronger predictor than ST-segment response alone in a treadmill test. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) has anatomical and functional contiguity with myocardium and coronary arteries. Increased EAT thickness (EATT) is strongly associated with CAD. This study aimed to evaluate the association between EAT and DTS. The data of patients were retrospectively analysed for the demographic features, echocardiographic parameters including ejection fraction, EATT, biochemical parameters, and DTS. The study population consisted of 698 patients admitted to the outpatient clinic with chest pain. DTS was calculated as originally described: DTS = exercise time – (5 × ST deviation) – (4 × exercise angina). Patients were divided into two groups according to the DTS values: low risk (DTS≥ +5), intermediate to high risk (IHR) (DTS< +4). According to the EATT, the patients were divided into two groups: increased EATT (≥5.1), normal EATT (<5.1). Hypertension (HT), hyperlipidemia (HL), smoking history, diabetes mellitus (DM), and increased EATT were more frequent in IHR. On univariate analysis HT, HL, DM, smoking history, and increased EATT were associated with IHR. On multivariate analysis DM, smoking history, and increased EATT were independent predictors for IHR (OR 2.358; 95% CI: 1.739–4.793; p < 0.001, OR 1.817; 95% CI: 1.218-2.539; p<0.001, OR 2.143; 95% CI: 1.693-3.581; p<0.001; respectively). In our study, we have found a significant relationship between increased EATT and IHR. Combination of increased EATT and DTS might be beneficial to predict of future cardiovascular events in patients with chest pain.