Main Article Content
Keywords: premenstrual syndrome, calcium, quality of life
Aim: This study was planned and conducted to investigate effect of adequate dairy products, at least 3 portion, and calcium intake on Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) symptoms in women with PMS who have inadequate calcium intake. Methods: Thirty-one women, aged between 20-28 years, diagnosed with PMS, were participated. All women had inadequate calcium intake and regular menstrual cycle. These participants were randomly allocated into two groups, an intervention (n=16) and a control (n=15) group. It was ensured that the intervention group consumed foods containing at least 1000 mg calcium for two months. Turkish kasseri cheese (50 g) which was made from cow’s milk was provided to the intervention group and they were informed to consume at least 400 ml of milk and 150 g of yogurt every day for two months. No specific diet was recommended to control group. The Premenstrual Syndrome Scale (PMSS) and the Short Form of Quality of Life Scale were administered at the baseline and post the study. Independent t-test or Mann-Whitney-U test were used for group comparisons according to data normality. Results: No significant difference in PMSS scores, physical functions and mental health scores on the SF-36 quality of life scale and daily calcium intake between the intervention (500.9±114.6 g) and control groups (511.3±149.2 g) at baseline assessment (p>0.05). The intervention group's total PMSS post-intervention (104.8±21.5) score was found to be significantly lower than their baseline scores (151.9±15.4) (p<0.05). The intervention group’s physical functions (47.9±8.0) and mental health (48.6±6.9) post-intervention scores on the SF-36 quality of life scale were found to be significantly higher than their baseline scores (41.2±10.7; 45.0±10.7 respectively) (p<0.05). Conclusion: These results indicate that sufficient dairy and calcium intake affects women’s PMS symptoms and improves the quality of life.