The relation between meal frequency and obesity in adults

Main Article Content

Selen Muftuoglu
Merve Ozdemir
Mendane Saka
Mehtap Akçil Ok
Esra Koseler
Sinem Bayram
Esen Yesil
Beril Kose
Perim Turker
Aydan Ercan
Emine Aksoydan
Muhittin Tayfur
Gul Kiziltan

Keywords

Meal frequency, Meal skipping, Obesity

Abstract

Objective: To determine the relation between meal frequency and obesity in adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among 1829 volunteer (520 men, 1309 women) selected through a multi-stage stratified random sampling method during 2015/2016. A standardized, confidential data collection sheet was used. It included socio-demographic factors, dietary behaviors, anthropometric measurements and energy-macro and micronutrient intakes. Results: The median meal frequency of women and men were 4 and 3, respectively. Approximately 57% of men and 61% of women have skipped meals and 76.8% of them were skipped their lunch. In addition, the individuals whose BMI were under and over 25 kg/m2 (72.4%, 78.3%, respectively) often skipped lunch. The meal frequency positively correlated with waist to hip ratio in women (p<0.05). Additionally, there were positively significant correlations between meal frequency and saturated fatty acids, fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium and iron intake (p<0.05). Conclusion: This study indicated that increased meal frequency may have a beneficial effect on micronutrients intakes and some anthropometric measurements among adults.

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