Anthropometric indices of the newborns related with some lifestyle parameters of women during pregnancy in Tirgu Mures region - a pilot study

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Oana Maria Iacob
Anca Bacarea
Florina Daniela Ruta
Vladimir Constantin Bacarea
Florina Ioana Gliga
Florin Buicu
Monica Tarcea
Calin Avram
George Claudiu Costea
Anca Ileana Sin

Keywords

dietary patterns, pregnancy, premature delivery, ethnicity

Abstract

Objective: We aim to study possible associations between lifestyle, socio-economic aspects, educa-tion and dietary habits during pregnancy and both the incidence of premature deliveries and anthropometric characteristics of newborns in different ethnic Romanian populations. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, questionnaire-based retrospective study applied on puerperal women from Tirgu-Mures, Romania. Anova and Kruskall Wallis were the statistical tests used. Results: Deficient intake of dairy products was found in the Romani women (69.50%), of red meat in Romanians (23.20%), of white meat in Hungarians (83.40) and Romanians (77.50%), of fish and eggs in Romani (91.30%) and Hungarian women (89.6%), of vegetables in Hungarian (93.80%) and the Romani women (91.3%) and of whole grain cereals in Romanian (93.40%) and Hungarian (95.50%) women. The water intake below the daily needs was found in 49.30% of Roma-nian women, 47.60% of Hungarian women and 100% of Romani women. An increased consumption of to-bacco (p<0.0032) and alcohol (p<0.0169) was observed in the Romani women group. The level of education (p<0.0001) and the income (p< 0.0001) was significantly lower in the Romani women. The group of Romani women had a higher risk for a premature birth (p<0.0013). Conclusions: The Romani pregnant women pre-sented a deficient diet and an inappropriate lifestyle for pregnancy. A group of Romani women who had newborns with a smaller birth weight and premature births was identified.

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