Main Article Content
children, functional constipation, manna, food supplement, fiber.
Objective. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the food supplement Physiomanna Baby® in pediatric patients with a history of functional constipation defined by Rome III criteria; secondary objective was to evaluate the adherence to the tested product in the enrolled children. Methods. The trial was designed as an open label, non-comparative pilot trial. In 3 Romanian sites (one community hospital and two private medical practice offices) 49 children (20 males, 29 females) aged 0 - 8 years were enrolled. The study was conducted between February 2016 and April 2016. The investigational product was administered as 1 g/kg in single daily oral administration from the first day and continued for a maximum of 3 days in the first week. If the constipation symptoms persisted, the children were treated in an additional cycle of treatment for a maximum of 3 days. Results. The number of Spontaneous Bowel Movements (SBM) per week has increased to normal after Physiomanna Baby® administration (from 1.80 ± 0.41 at baseline to 6.04±1.54 at day 8) evidencing a statistically significant difference (P-value <0.0001). The efficacy was also demonstrated in the subpopulation of children <4 years where the mean values per week increased from 1.69±0.47 at baseline to 6.15±1.59 SBM at day 8 (P-value <0.0001). According to Investigator Global Assessment of Efficacy (IGAE), Physiomanna Baby® shows immediate and excellent efficacy after one or two doses for 79.60% of the children, a very good efficacy after three doses for 12.24% and good efficacy after the second cycle of administration for 6.12% of children. Both Investigator Global Assessment for Safety (IGAS) and Patient Global Assessment for Safety (PGAS) were rated as 100% excellent for all patients. Conclusions. The food supplement Physiomanna Baby® provided immediate efficacy, offering to pediatricians a safe solution in the care of mild to moderate functional constipation, even if the study design characteristics were limited (pilot trial with a small sample size and without control group).