Biochemical characteristics of sweet cherry germplasm in Turkey

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Muttalip Gundogdu
Ihsan Canan
Sezai Ercisli
Selma Berk
Onur Saracoglu

Keywords

antioxidant capacity, cherry, phenolic compounds, organic acids, sugars

Abstract

In this study, phenolic compounds, organic acids, sugars, vitamin C and total antioxidant activities of seven national and foreign sweet cherry cultivars  (Malatya Dalbasti, 0900 Ziraat, Merton Late, Vista, Bing, Sari Kiraz, Lambert) and one genotype (1355) were investigated. We determined fourteen phenolic compounds, five organic acids and three sugars in sweet cherry fruits. In general, gallic, vanilic and ellagic acid were majour phenolic compounds in fruits of sweet cherry cultivars and genotype. The genotype1355 had more phenolic compounds compared to cultivars. It was determined that malic acid was frequently determined among the fruits of studed cultivars and genotype. It was obtained the highest sugar content was observed in 1355 genotype and 0900 Ziraat cultivar. Total antioxidant capacity was the highest (9.22 μmol TE g-1) in fruits of cultivar 0900 Ziraat. Overall the genotype 1355 found the most promising due to having favorable properties and could be recomended for farmers and consumers.

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