Nutrition in dementia: a challenge for nurses

Main Article Content

Marco Di Muzio
Federica Rosa
Alessandra Moriconi

Keywords

Dementia, Nutrition, Eating disorders, Nurses, Meal environment, Diet, Independence / patient involvement

Abstract

Aim. The manuscript shows the presence of eating disorders in dementia in the elderly population and the risk of malnutrition. It is highlighted that the management of this patient is difficult and generate stress in the caregiver. Highlight the main questions that the medical staff provides the best form of nutrition for patients with dementia. Methods. The literature review and reported international guidelines analyze and propose measures to be carried into the environment of the meal, diet and encourages, as permitted, patient independence.  Results. International guidelines suggest a multidisciplinary approach and the involvement of the family to carry out an individualized care plan. Strong are the recommendations to continue with assisted feeding by mouth. Conclusions.The literature shows that support proportionate to the real food needs of the person with dementia to ensure well-being and quality of life. It needs more nurse training and the definition of coded interventions involved, whether nurse acquire more awareness of their role.

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