Peripheral neuropathies after bariatric surgery. Preliminary results from a single-centre prospective study in Northern Italy.

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Matteo Riccò http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6525-2159
Chiara Rapacchi
Andrea Romboli
Luigi Vezzosi
Francesco Rubichi
Gabriele Luciano Petracca
Stefania Ferrari
Marina Valente
Francesco Tartamella
Federico Marchesi

Keywords

Peripheral Nervous System Diseases, Bariatric Surgery, Malnutrition, Obesity, Obesity, Morbid

Abstract

Introduction: Bariatric surgery (BS) has gained popularity in order to treat morbid obesity. However, post-operative (PO) neurologic complications have become increasingly recognized. Our aim was to examine incidence, clinical presentation, and outcomes of neurologic disorders secondary to BS. Methods: Patients who underwent BS between the years 2012 and 2015 at Parma University were included in this survey, and assessed before (T0) and 1 year after surgery (T1). Baseline characteristics and medical comorbidities, type of surgery, and PO complications were retrieved. Patients with a previous history of peripheral neuropathic disease were excluded from the analysis. If a patient presented with a new onset neurologic symptom including extremity numbness, paresthesia, muscle weakness, the status was considered “positive” for PO-neuropathy. Results: Overall, we retrieved data from 61 patients (n=30 Roux-en-Y Gastric bypasses, n=31 Gastric banding; 81.0% females). Of them, 7 (11.4%) developed some signs of PO-neuropathy, that eventually disappeared at T+24 months. The most common manifestations were paresthesia (n=6) and muscle weakness (n=4), similarly distributed in Gastric Bypass (n=4) and Gastric Banding (n=3) groups. Although patients affected by PO-neuropathy exhibited higher SF-36 score at T0 (p=0.018), no significant differences were found regarding BMI (T0, T1), percentual weight loss, serological data (i.e. vitamin B1, B2, B6, B12: in all cases p>0.05). Conclusion: PO-BS neuropathy is usually associated with lower levels of vitamin B1, B2, B12. However, no differences in PO-BMI, excess weight loss, and metabolic data levels were found. Larger data and more extended follow-up are required to validate our results.

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