Neurology and philosophy: Bernardino Telesio and the nervous system

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Antonio Perciaccante
Alessia Coralli
Ludovico Abenavoli



Philosophical works may be a mirror of medical knowledges of that historical period. Analyzing the philosophical thinking of the Italian philosopher and natural scientist Bernardino Telesio (1509-1588) (Fig. 1), we report a clear example of relationship between philosophy and neurology. Until the sixteenth century, the philosophical and medical knowledge were still influenced from the Greek thinkers. Based on Aristotelian theories, the heart was considered the human bodily central organ and he seat of the soul. [...]

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